For Tourists

In the opinion of tourists visiting the Sanok County the biggest value of this land is the beauty of the nature. It is enough to say that over 1/3 of the terrain has been strictly protected. There have been localized 3 landscape parks, 2 areas of protected landscape, 5 nature reserves and 34 monuments of nature. Over 50 % of the Sanok County is covered by forest. There is a habitat of over 30 rare species of birds, eg.: the Golden Eagle, the Lesser Spotted Eagle, the Tawny Owl, the Eagle Owl, the Black Stork or the White-tailed Eagle. It is also possible to meet: bison, wolf, brown bear, wildcat and lynx. Among all protected areas a special one is the Zwiezło Nature Reserve „Duszatyńskie Lakes” formed in 1957, it is situated on the terrain of Komańcza District. Two „Duszatyńskie Lakes” and also surrounding fir – beech forest are strictly protected. The landslide in Duszatyń was formed in April of 1907 on the western slope of the Chryszczata Mountain (997 meters above sea level) as a result of sliding rocks and forest into the valley of the Olchowaty Stream. The reason for forming the landslide was heavy rain at the turn of 1906 and 1907, which caused the accumulation of the large amount of snow and the spring thaw initiated forming of the landslide. Powerful rumble and intensive quakes accompanied of sliding of rocky masses, which caused panic among inhabitants of Duszatyń. This terrain has been called by the local inhabitants as „Zwiezło”. Local population thought that this place was magic and forming of the landslide was strictly connected with three giants turned into the stone on the western arm of the Chryszczata Mountain. In terms of the amount of material displaced (about 12 mln m3) the landslide is the largest ever to have occurred in the Polish Carpathians. There have been formed three landslide lakes on the area of the landslide blocking the valley. The Upper Lake is situated on 708 meters above sea level, it covers 1,44 haand its shape is irregular oval with the bay near the western bank. Its depth is still changing because of slow and continuous process of disappearance of the lake. At present the average depth of the lake is about 2,0 m., maximum depth is about 5,8 m. The bottom of deeper parts of the lake is covered by ok. 1,5 m. organic layer of silt. The Bottom Lake is situated on 687 meters above sea level and it covers 0,45 ha. The lake is situated in the deep syncline surrounded by the steep slopes, from the south is surrounded by the landslide material. The depth of the lake has got smaller from about 14 m to 6,2 m, the average depth is about 2,4 m. The third lake situated on the lowest terrain, disappeared in the interwar period. In the surrounding of the lakes are noticeable unnatural piles and dipscalled “A Ferris wheel”. Till present days, in the water of the lakes can be seen trunks of fallen trees. The lakes are constantly strengthen by streams and springs falling from the mountains. The rarity on this height are numerous water and shuberyflora species in the reserve eg.: Floating Pondweed (probably the highest situated habitat in the Bieszczady Mountains), The Water Horsetail, Common Bulrush, Eared Willow. It is possible to see unique species like: żywokost sercowaty (Symphytum cordatum Waldst. et Kit. ex Willd.), lepiężnik biały (Petasites albus L.Gaertn.),żywiec gruczołowaty (Dentaria glandulosa Waldst. Et Kit.), the forest has been composed by Beech (Fagus). The littoral zone of the lakes gives good living conditions for the Alpine Newt, the Carpathian Newt, and also the Yellow-Bellied Toad. From the beginning of the lakes formation, in their waters it is possible to admire Brown trout (Salmo trutta.)

To the Zwiezło Reserve it is the easiest to get from Duszatyn, it takes about 90 minutes to get to the lakes by the red touristic route.

© 2012 Starostwo Powiatowe w Sanoku
Projekt i wykonanie: INVENTOR Multimedia (mMyCity)
Starostwo Powiatowe w Sanoku
ul. Rynek 1, 38-500 Sanok, tel.: 13 46 52 900, fax: 13 46 52 988